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Butterfly蝶式, Swimming游泳

USA Swimming:Butterfly_Pull Pattern蝶泳_划手形態

本文取自 USA Swimming 的高效能顧問 Russell Mark 5/29/2012 “Butterfly Pull Pattern”的文章


Dana Vollmer's Butterfly

Dana Vollmer’s Butterfly

自從有蝶泳存在,教導一個特定的划手形態已經流行了很長一段時間,研究美國國家隊和其他世界上最好選手的影片,卻證明:世界上最好選手也有不同的划手形態。

那麼,這是什麼意思呢?

像這麼多的泳者和教練一樣,我以前一直認為,理想的蝶泳划手形態看起來像一個鎖孔 – 手往外划,再收窄(形狀像圓形),然後往後直推完成鎖孔形狀。

USA Swimming工作後,我發現這有很多變化。有些划手形態有一個非常明顯的鎖孔形狀,有的比較是向後直推。有些開始划得很大的,有些沒有。 有些划手非常窄到要結束後推時,雙手幾乎要互碰,但也有人跟本不會划在身體下方。

接觸到這麼多世界上最好的選手,在大量的視頻分析後,下面就是我發現的:

  • The pull pattern has nothing to do with gender, strength, or sprint/distance fly.
    划手形態與性別,力量強度,或短距/長距離無關。

    • I always thought that male athletes and stronger flyers would have a certain type of stroke…but nope! Believe me, I looked.
      我一直以為,男性和更較強壯的選手有一定的划手形態…但沒有!相信我,我看過。
  • The pull pattern is related to how deep a swimmer presses with their chest.
    划手形態是與泳者胸部壓多深有關。

  • No matter what the pull pattern, the palms of the hands were always facing back towards the feet.
    不管是哪種划手形態,手掌總是向後,對著腳的方向。

    • Moving the hands wide or narrow still meant the palms were facing back – never facing to the outside or inside.
      手划寬或窄,還是意味著手掌朝後 – 絕不會朝外或內。

This is what I would generally advise swimmers and coaches to focus on:
這是我大致會建議游泳選手和教練要專注的:

  1. Push water towards the feet 推水向腳的方向
  2. Press the body forward 壓身向前
  3. Get a good catch 一個好的抓水(有效的)

Don’t focus on a specific pull pattern. If you do the three things above, the pull pattern you have is the best one for you.

不要專注一個特定的划手形態,如果你能做到以上三件事,這划手形態就是最適合你的。

Source: USA Swimming: High Performance Tips

Rebecca IMHO:
★ 我認同划手形態與胸壓多深有關,身體較平游法的划手方式,會類似自由泳EVF,只是雙手同時做高肘抓水向後推水,是沒必要S-Pull; 而壓胸深(Undulation波動較大的游法) 注意此時頭胸比手臂位置低(與平的游法的最大不同點),雙手如果不張開一定寬度,是很難同時做EVF,可說是不得不划酒杯或鑰匙孔的形態,可以在水中試試,就能感覺了。
如果你有非常柔韌又強壯的肩臂,壓胸深且雙手不需稍外划就能直接高肘抓水向後直推,還能有力量,那也許是少有的天縱英明,恭喜你了!

要進一步瞭解Russell Mark的蝶泳技術可參考以下post中的影片。
USA Swimming:Butterfly_Technique and Race Trends蝶泳_技術及競賽趨勢

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About Rebecca

A pretty lazy human being ! Lazy to do any boring stuff.

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